Palm trees, eucalyptus and mimosas in Logonna-Daoulas? Cactus in Roscoff? Strawberries in Plougastel-Daoulas? Why do we have plants from warmer countries in Brittany? Our region hosts a multitude of microclimates.
A microclimate is generally set in a small area where the climate is different from the regional one due to some geographical factors. Microclimates exist on a scale of a few square kilometres, a village or even a field. The existence of relief can significantly change the local climate by acting as a barrier that forces the air to rise thus creating clouds and rain. It is often the case where it is raining at the top a mountain and where a few meters away, in the wind direction, it dry and even sunny.
Some areas are associated with specific microclimates. For instance, around peat bogs the climate is usually cold and humid. There are several peat bogs in Finistère (Monts d’Arrée and Black Mountains).
Due to its shape, Brittany is strongly influenced by the ocean. The climate changes often but the variations are rarely extreme. The ocean softens winter temperatures. Here it is sunnier and less raining on the coast.
Located in Brest’s bay, the village of Logonna-Daoulas is sheltered from the wind. It has a microclimate that allows palm trees and mimosas to grow throughout the year. Roscoff, a few kilometres away, even has an exotic garden.